Often confused, peppers and peppers (Red pepper potato) are actually from them plants of the same family. Great variety of shapes, cuts and colors, the two fruits are appreciated by connoisseurs for their noble or aromatic chair. Le spicy is D’allou’s business an alkaloid, the capsaicin content of which has been measured since 1912 on the Scoville scale.
What Is The Difference Between Pepper And Chili?
Pepper et hot pepper are two varieties of the same plant from the Solanaceae family (tomato, eggplant, Peruvian cockroach, etc.). While pepper has a mild, sometimes sweet flavor, bell peppers are spicy varieties of bell peppers.
The leaves, oval and lanceolate, are quite narrow in the case of the hot pepper, wider in the case of the Cultivation of Peppers. The fruits that succeed them are characterized by a wide variety of shapes and colors. However, they are all hollow. While bell peppers are often lobed, square, or more or less conical in shape, chili peppers are more elongated and slender.
You need sun and warmth
Peppers and peppers I love the heat. Book them a sunny location in the vegetable garden, protected from the winds. In the north of the country, a tight culture is almost essential to achieve a satisfactory harvest. In fact, the plant appreciates a mild, even warm late season, which allows all the fruits to ripen. A purpose-built greenhouse or shelter can simulate this climate.
The cycle of poivrepi culture is long. It is therefore necessary to sow it early, from February or March, warm, indoors (minimum temperature 20°C). sow 2 to 3 seeds in a bucket of moist fine potting soil. Watch for emergence and thin quickly to keep only the prettiest sprouting plant. Then store it in a warm, well-lit place, away from a greenhouse or patio.
Le unfinished in a heated mini-greenhouse also works very well, as long as the cover is regularly removed for ventilation.
Planting In The Soil
Wait until the end of the frosts, in mid to late May, to plant peppers and peppers in open ground. Prick the young plants every 40cm to leave enough room for their growth. Gourmet, the plant appreciates from planting the addition to the surface of a good shovelful of mature compost, necessary in clay soil to lighten it.
It is possible, as for the tomato, to bury the stem up to the first leaves, which will enhance rooting. Shake the soil with your hands and water generously.
After planting and in the absence of a greenhouse, the installation of bells or a forcing tunnel can save some valuable points and stimulate the resumption of growth.
Maintenance Hot Pepper
From laying in the ground, cover with pieces of slate, tiles or bricks. This mineral mulch, in addition to limiting soil dehydration, stores solar energy during the day and returns it to the soil at night.
Later in the summer, it can be replaced by a mulch of comfrey leaves which, as they decompose, will release nutrients favorable for fruiting. peppers.
Even though peppers and bell peppers are drought tolerant, they appreciate a soil that stays cool. Water once a week on the foot, avoiding wetting the foliage to avoid the appearance of cryptogamous diseases. Plants show their thirst when the leaves shrivel and the fruits begin to soften.
peppers and peppers are greedy. Feel free to feed the plants once or twice during the growing season by tossing a handful of organic kelp-based fertilizer into the foothills. Remove the mulch beforehand and scrape it to mix with the soil. Finally put the mulch back in place and finish with a watering.
pepper pruning is generally practiced only in the North of the country, in a cool climate, with the aim of accelerating the ripening of the fruits. In the southern regions, the late season is warm and sunny enough to hope for a good harvest.
peppers as chili cut in the same way. When the plant has about a dozen fruits, shorten the main stem above the last one. Then prune all secondary fruiting branches after the last one, keeping two leaves above to promote sap flow.
We drink and peppers are harvested from July to October, until the end of autumn in mild regions.
If bell peppers or green peppers can be harvested while they are growing, they are not fully ripe until they stop growing. The yellow, red or orange varieties are picked when the skin is well pigmented and shiny.
Then cut the stem cleanly with the pruning shears.
Both fruits do not keep beyond a few days in the crisper drawer of the refrigerator. Their flesh withers really fast, their skin gets wrinkled and they lose their properties.
The potency of a pepper depends on its capsaicin content. Scoville invented the chili pepper scale that bears his name in 1912. Although measurement techniques have evolved over time, it is still the benchmark today.