Cultivation of Swiss chard: Sowing, Maintenance, Harvesting


How to do Cultivation of Swiss chard? Siette, chard, chard, jousting or perry, this vegetable with many names fell into oblivion for many years. It returns to our gardens again, not only to be eaten but also for its highly decorative qualities. How do I cultivate and maintain large and small chard?


Leaf Or Curl?

There are usually two types of chard (Beta vulgaris): the chard and the chard. Thus we more specifically consume the leaves of the former and the chard (or ribs) of the latter, even though we can nevertheless consume perfect leaves and chard in both cases.


the chard belongs to the beet family, but, unlike the latter, it does not develop an obvious root but rather long ribs surmounted by no less imposing very aesthetic leaves.


How To Sow Cassava?

Sting can be sown directly in place, like spinach, in a honeycomb dish or pot.


Sow In The Soil

Sow the ax directly in place in spring from April, in cool, rich soil, taking care to choose a preferably sunny location and making sure to space the rows about forty centimeters apart.


Seeds are glomeruli that give rise to many plants. As soon as the first plants appear, it is therefore necessary to thin (some plants are removed) to allow the growth of the most robust ones. Watering is important in the beginning to keep the soil moist and fresh.


The leaves can then be harvested two and a half or two and a half months after the incomplete.


Sow In A Pot Or In A Cell

We can also perfectly sprinkle buns on a honeycomb plate or a good one. Then it is necessary to use a light compost that facilitates the development of the roots. Then transplant each young plant directly into the garden when it has developed four leaves and keep a distance of 40 cm between them.


Sea bream resist the cold

The ax is a biennial plant (its life cycle is two years) but it is generally grown as an annual, unless you want to collect its seeds.


In areas with mild winters, it can overwinter in the ground and then offers its young leaves once the first nice days return before peaking its flower stalks to a height of 1m50 – 2m.


In more northern areas, they dig it up before the frosts to store in a cellar, on a layer of wet sawdust, for example. These overwintered plants will return to the garden next March when conditions are favorable again.


Diseases And Enemies Of Sescouna

robust, the chard knows very few enemies.


Slugs And Snails

The slugs and snails love the beautiful leaves. They attack newly transplanted plants and are responsible, later in development, for large circular holes or meticulous notches on the tips of the blades. In winter, a large number of snails also find shelter in the many folds of the large sedge leaves or between the ribs.


To protect young transplants from the appetite of gastropods, cut the bottom of a plastic bottle to create a protective cover that will act as the first bastion against slugs while also providing softness during recovery. Arrange near the adult bite beer traps or homemade slug traps and regularly collect snails.


Beet Leaf Extractor: Pegomyia

The symptoms appear most often at the beginning of the crop, in the spring, in May-June, caused mainly by the larvae of the 1-year generation, while beet pegomyia is capable of producing up to 3 generations per year.


This miner signs its presence by large translucent spots on the leaves of the tsipura, in the center of which one can distinguish a white larva that develops in the heart of the limb. The affected parts then quickly dry out and the young bun weakens.


Adult gray flies lay their eggs under the undersides of leaves. The hatching larvae enter directly between the two leaf cuticles and begin excavating tunnels as they devour the tissues. After a while, their presence is clearly visible in the heart of the stain. Then they look like a white worm.


It is good to act above all in prevention, placing near the crops ax and beets of pheromone traps to detect the presence of adults.


Once this presence is confirmed, apply an insect net, the only truly effective solution to prevent female flies from laying eggs on plants. It also appears that a mild, wet spring favors the appearance of this pest, and that chard plants are then much less susceptible when they have developed their first six leaves!


Varieties Seskoulo And Seskoulo are recommended

the chimegalo and your are often used by the municipal green spaces as a decorative plant for the decoration of the beds. There is indeed a wide variety of stripe colors, from yellow to red to orange or even pink, even if these sedge varieties are not as cold-hardy as the more classic white or green varieties.


Colored Hedlock

Among the notable color varieties:


  • Ruby: Red fire,
  • Smooth silver: white or silver
  • Rhubarb chard: red ribs and purplish red leaves
  • straight lights: orange-yellow ribs.

Sesvyra, Seskoulos Spinach

Easier to grow than spinach, chard, also called cutting chard, perennial chard or chard, is valued for its leaves, little or nothing for its fine veins. Undemanding, they are satisfied with ordinary soil, need good mulch and are resistant to both cold and heat.


A bit of History

The Romans were the ones who spread the cardamom chard, which until the 16th century was cultivated in the gardens of parish priests, before being used as an ornamental plant until the 19th century. Since the 20th century, chard fell into oblivion and became obsolete in favor of spinach.


Seskoula, Sources of Vitamins

High in fiber and low in calories, Swiss chard is also high in vitamins A, C and B9 as well as minerals (potassium, calcium and sodium). Its leaves are known for their diuretic, cooling and purgative properties. However, their consumption should be avoided by people suffering from kidney or urinary disorders due to their oxalate content.



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