Modern Peaches is one of the stars of summer. In the garden, you can grow the peach tree in most areas, including at altitude or on the beach, but on the condition that you choose a suitable variety and install your fruit tree protected from cold and wind. What kind of fish to choose, what variety to plant? Discover our guide.
The Various Kinds of Peaches
There are many types of peaches, but all are self-fertile.
Real peaches: They have fluffy skin. Their flesh is tender, yellow, white or red in color and the pit is free, easily removed.
Finished : They are also soft-skinned peaches, usually larger than the previous ones. Their flesh is firm, yellow or white, and their core is sticky. The remaining flesh also often has some bitterness.
Peaches with white flesh are more aromatic, juicier and less firm. Peaches with yellow flesh are firmer but less aromatic.
Flat peaches: que l’in honey peaches because of their very sweet taste or Paraguayans (their Spanish name), they are smaller and flattened. Their white, melted and juicy flesh surrounds a small core.
Vine Peaches: Often come from seeding a core. They are smaller fruits, generally with a stronger flavor than peaches.
Nectarines and nectarines: Unlike peaches, nectarines and nectarines have smooth skin. Nectarines have firm, yellow or white flesh but the core is sticky. In contrast, the yellow or white flesh of the nectarine is more tender and the stone free.
To choose a peach tree to grow in the garden, you need to consider both your climate, your soil, and the ripening period. Thus, if the first peaches ripen in June in the South, the harvest season can last until the end of September in Northern France.
Below is a list of peach varieties in detail, classified according to their type.
Varieties of Old Peaches
These peaches are often late, but large and white-fleshed.
Sin Beautiful Empress, Beautiful Imperial: This vigorous and productive variety is one of the best white peach varieties. It bears very large, purple-red fruits in full sun, but is quite prone to leaf curl. Its white flesh is delicate, juicy and sweet.
Ripening period: Between August 15 and September 15 depending on the region.
Sinful queen of the orchards: This old, classic, rustic and lively peach variety is famous for its good production. Peaches are quite large, white-fleshed, thin, juicy and sweet.
Ripening period: Towards the end of August to the middle of September. It resists diseases well.
Amartia Great hasty sweet : It is a blister-resistant variety of peach, vigorous and productive. This large pale peach yellow is covered with purple-red spots in the sunshine. The white flesh, juicy and tender, is sweet and aromatic.
Ripening period: This variety is harvested from the second half of August to mid-September.
Amartia nipple of Aphrodite: It is a lively variety, moderately productive. Peaches are quite large, round or slightly oval. They have a nipple on top which is the origin of their name. The skin is yellow with a dark red in sunlight. The white flesh is quite consistent.
Other varieties of old peaches: Balt, beautiful beauty, Madeleine of the vines, Madame Guilloux, Henri Moulin, Tardive au Mont d’Or and others.
Newest Peach Varieties
Along with the old peaches shown, there are improved varieties so that they can be grown all over France while being more disease resistant and offering a delicious sweet flavor.
Sin Red Shelter: This vigorous variety produces lots of fruit. In order for them to develop perfectly, it is necessary to thin them quickly immediately after their formation begins. This peach tree is sensitive to blisters but produces medium-sized fruits, with red skin on a yellow background. The yellow flesh, very aromatic and very sweet, is deliciously juicy.
Ripening period: Second half of July.
Amartia Andromeda : It is a lively and rather productive variety. The peach is medium-sized, nicely rounded, with a lovely pink, soft skin. The flesh is white, thin and firm.
Ripening period: Second part of August.
Amartia Orlandini : It is a variety of peach less lively than the others but more rustic, therefore more adapted to a culture in Northern France. It offers medium-sized fruit, entirely red on an orange background. Their yellow, crunchy flesh is sweet.
Maturity period: Ends, second fortnight of September.
China Peaches, Honey Peaches
Native to China, flat peaches are not acidic. Sweet, they have a small core. They are harvested in the summer when they are fully ripe. Because they don’t keep for long, they should be consumed within a few days.
Their cultivation is the same as that of other peaches. These trees like heat and are generally quite susceptible to leaf curl: in the North, they are therefore rather planted along a wall in the sun.
Here is an overview of the best flat peach varieties:
Kronos flat peach : It is a vigorous and productive variety of peach. The skin of the fruit is pink or red with sunshine on a yellow background. The white flesh, melty and sweet, is delicious.
Ripening period: From July and August.
Jalousia flat peach : Here is a vigorous and very productive wide variety of peach. The fruits have clean skin and yellow flesh, melt in the mouth and sweet.
Ripening period: Extends from early August in warm areas to early September if the climate is cooler.
o Vineyard peach varieties ripen later than the previous ones, generally in late summer and early fall. Many are blood red and small in size, such as Saint-Laurent Sanguine and October Sanguine.