Netan in the Middle Ages, the simple garden, also known by the Latin names of Botanist and Garden Doctor, includes aromatic Plants to Use cultivated for their medicinal properties. What is a simple garden and how to create one? Our advice.
What Are Singles?
Simple are aromatic plants, general spices, and therefore can also be used in cooking or making herbal teas. Some of these medicinal plants also have strong medicinal properties and were therefore cultivated in the past for pharmacopoeia.
Indeed, the simple garden appeared at the beginning of the Middle Ages. Its most classical plan envisaged 4 blocks organized around 2 central naves forming a cross, with the intersection decorated with a fountain. The space was usually enclosed by high walls.
How To Make A Simple Garden?
The most important thing is to respect the requirements of each plant. I pour build a simple garden, so you need to start by choosing your location carefully.
If you have a large corner of the garden to grow : You can create an herb garden in the ground, for example by dividing your aromatic plants into 4 large squares separated by paved or gravel paths. As in priest gardens, borders of boxwood can be planted to demarcate each of these squares.
If your garden is small: You can settle for a simple square surrounded by boards or floating, but you can also plant your aromatic plants at the edge of your vegetable garden.
What Plants In A Simple Garden?
The list of singles is long. Some of these plants are perennials and will withstand winter cold if the soil is well drained. So they grow again every year.
Others, on the other hand, have an annual or semiannual life cycle. So it will be necessary to sow them every year or buy them in pots.
Here is a list of plants what you can put herbs in a garden classified according to their requirements.
Simple Perennial Plants That Love The Sun
Absinthe, Hyssop, Bay Sauce, Lavender, Monarde, Rocambole Onion, Oregano, Rosemary, Rue, Santoline, Mountain Savory, Sage officinalis, Wild Thyme and Thyme, Tansy.
All these plants also like a light soil. If your soil is heavy, mix gravel or sand into the soil, but little or no compost, as they prefer poor soil.
Of course, the aromatic plants of this group grow slowly. Most have an evergreen.
To get a nice square, make a plan of your herb garden taking into account their height, their shape and the colors of their leaves. Indeed, the grayer their foliage is, the more sun they need. Therefore, it is also necessary to take into account the sometimes considerable height of certain plants such as rosemary or laurel, in order to avoid shadowing the surrounding plants.
Simple Perennials For Partial Shade
Angelica, chives, chives, tarragon, lemon balm, mint, sorrel, horseradish, licorice, rhubarb.
All these plants are afraid of high heat and drought. They like soil that stays cool in summer and rich in compost.
Choose a location with sun in the morning in the summer, but shade in the afternoon.
In winter, their foliage disappears, but these simply grow back in spring from the roots. Avoid disturbing them too much by working the soil around them to avoid damaging them.
Simple Annual Or Biennial
Under the sun: Basil, orange, marjoram (perennial but hardy), feverfew
In my-ombre: Dill, cumin, chervil, coriander, parsley
Most of the time, these aromatic plants are planted with vegetables directly in the vegetable garden because they appreciate regular watering and rich soil.
Benefits And Uses Of Simple
In the Middle Ages, herbs were used to flavor dishes but also to prepare herb and herbal teas to relieve minor everyday ailments. Here is a list of the main uses and benefits known for these plants:
- Aneth (Anethum graveolens): Its highly aromatic seeds are collected and then used to flavor fish, meat, raw vegetables or baked goods. Their aroma is stronger than that of the leaves.
- Angelica (Angelica archangeliki): Its stems candied into sugar-flavored pastries.
- Basil (Okiu basilikos): A useful spice to combat nervous fatigue, to relieve migraines and to restore the sense of smell that has been temporarily lost.
- Hyssop (Hyssop officinalis): Its leaves help digestion.
- Melissa (Melissa officinalis): The lemony flavor of its leaves flavors fish or white meat.
- Monarde (Monarda didyma): Its aromatic leaves are prepared as a decoction.
- Oregano (Oregano vulgaris): Its leaves are used to relieve respiratory problems (cough) and against fatigue.
- licorice (Glycyrrhiza glabra): Its roots relieve the pain of stomach ulcers.
- Rhubarb (Rhubarb): Its leaves are toxic but its stems have laxative and tonic properties.
- Perennial savory (Montana Stories): Fresh or dried leaves are digestive. Its essential oil is stimulating and antibacterial.
- Tanaisie (Tanacetum vulgare): It is turtleneck. Its taste is bitter. Be careful, because this plant can be toxic in high doses!